Mongol Chat is Mongolian national social messaging and payment platform. It is completely free. Users just need internet connectivity and theyre all set. It offers myriad possibilities for our users:Chat with 100% Privacy:Super secure. any type of information you share on Mongol Chat will always remain between yourself and the person youre messaging to. No conversations ever stored in our databases.Hybrid Wallet:Enjoy the convenience of adding any of your bank cards securely to your Mongol Chats Wallet and make payments, transfer money to family and friends with one click.High Speed:Youve never witnessed lighting speed of messaging, file and image sharing between users.Fun Stickers:Our creative designers and community built and continues building amazing stickers that are available for you to express yourselves while messaging with friends and family.And Much More:This is not just a messaging social platform it is much more. It is Lifestyle platform that will make your life easier and fun! Enjoy.
This website will teach you Mongolian from scratch for free. So start with the alphabet and by the end you'll speak great Mongolian. From grammar, listening tools and even an exam, this website covers it all!
Surf the internet in total freedom without the fear of being blocked or detected with our Mongolia VPN. Urban VPN has servers across the globe, guaranteeing you a lightning-fast connection and thousands of IPs to choose from, so that you will be able to easily mind your business anonymously and safely while in Mongolia.
Despite being labeled as free with regards to information and speech, there have been reports of government surveillance and monitoring of internet users. Another online access issue Mongolian citizens and tourists encounter is accessing geo-restricted streaming content, like some YouTube videos. Additionally, hackers and online scammers are still a threat, and are on the hunt for vulnerable internet connections like public hotspots. With most online activity is centered in the large urban areas, and mainly generated by the younger generations and growing tourist population, this kind of public Wi-Fi networks are very popular and abundant.
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ExpertGPS downloads waypoints and tracks from your GPS, and displays them over high-resolution, seamless maps of Mongolia. Draw right on the map to plan your next adventure, or import data from AutoCAD, ArcGIS, or Excel. Use ExpertGPS to upload data from your GPS, convert Mongolian coordinates, calculate area, and create professional maps that you can print out or include in reports.
To download unlimited maps of Mongolia, download and install ExpertGPS.Click Go to Country... on the Go menu. Select Mongolia from the list,and ExpertGPS will display a map of Ulan Bator. As you scroll around the map and zoom in and out, ExpertGPS will automatically download maps of the area you are viewing. You can use the Go to Address commandto get maps for any Mongolian address.
The entire population of Mongolia has free access to primary health care, which is fully funded by the government. It is provided by family health centers in urban settings. In rural areas, it is included in outpatient and inpatient services offered by rural soum (district) health centers. However, primary health care utilization differs across population groups. The aim of this study was to evaluate income-related inequality in primary health care utilization in the urban and rural areas of Mongolia.
Before the 1990s, during the socialist era, the country had a centralized health system whereby the government was responsible for both financing and providing services . Under this scheme, everyone was ensured free access to full coverage.
Non-need variables are marital status, economic activity, educational level, household size and distance to the nearest healthcare center. Marital status include married/living together (the reference group), divorced/separated, widowed and single/never married. Four types of economic status were included: employed (baseline), herder, self-employed, inactive and unemployed. Educational level was lower or none (ISCED 0 to 1), lower secondary (ISCED 2), upper secondary (ISCED 3 to 4) and postsecondary (ISCED 5 to 6). Household size and distance to the nearest healthcare center are continuous variables. Since everyone in Mongolia has free access to PHC, insurance status was not considered.
Over the past decade, the Mongolian government has paid careful attention to ensuring a more equitable healthcare system, including affordable and high-quality services [5, 27]. PHC is now free and almost universally accessible, both in urban and rural settings, as a result of recent policy reforms. However, a lack of research that evaluates and assesses the current PHC model is limiting further improvement.
Second, our findings show that inpatient care utilization at soum health centers in rural areas was concentrated high among the rich. This indicates that there are still many barriers to health care in the remote areas on both the demand and supply side even though the government offers free inpatient and outpatient services at soum health centers. The results of the decomposition analysis show that income, economic activity (being herder and unemployed) and distance to the nearest healthcare center were the main contributors to pro-rich inequality in inpatient care utilization at soum health centers.
Third, ensuring free access to health services in remote areas does not guarantee equitable healthcare distribution unless transportation and communication infrastructure is improved. Such barriers will certainly be addressed over the long run. There is a need for more targeted policies that can be implemented in the short run to improve and expand access to health care in rural areas, specifically for the poor.
The government of Mongolia mandates free access to primary healthcare (PHC) for its citizens. However, no evidence is available on the physical presence of PHC services within health facilities. Thus, the present study assessed the capacity of health facilities to provide basic services, at minimum standards, using a World Health Organization (WHO) standardized assessment tool.
The study also revealed that although the availability of PHC services within FHCs was close to 100%, service specific readiness varied from 44.0 to 83.6%. Readiness among FHCs to provide specific services were hampered, mostly due to the unavailability of essential medicines and diagnostic tests. It should be noted that there are clear inconsistencies between clinical guidelines [13,14,15,16,17] and government regulations . If the former requires FHC doctors to treat patients and list medicines, the latter does not even specify that FHCs should have medicines in stock. The FHC standards  and package of essential services  stipulate that FHCs should provide emergency care, daycare, nursing, palliative care etc.; however, there is no system in place for procuring and supplying medicines and commodities for FHCs in Mongolia. Furthermore, family planning, HIV, and TB services highly rely upon support from external donors. Government policies regarding free-of-charge PHC , and the use of holistic medical approaches when delivering PHC services (with a comprehensive set of preventive, diagnostic, treatment, and referral activities) , have yet to be translated into practical implementations.
The present study also demonstrated that despite a high density of health facilities in the two districts, only FHCs offered PHC. It should also be noted that FHC services are mostly utilized by the poor and vulnerable individuals who rely on free services [38,39,40]. If shortcomings in PHC provisions are not addressed, an inefficient and low-performing system will deepen the pro-poor inequality in FHC service utilization. We also argue for the role of private clinics and sanatoriums in providing health services. The contribution of these entities in influencing overall health system performance should be evaluated.
Free and universal PHC is stipulated within various policies and regulations in Mongolia; however, the present results revealed that availability of basic health services within specific facilities is insufficient. Among all facility types, FHCs contribute most to PHC provisions, but readiness was mostly hampered by a severe lack of diagnostic capacities and essential medicines. Declaring free access does not mean ensuring access. Policies need to be translated into tangible, comprehensive, coordinated, and forceful actions to address capacity limitations. If provisional shortcomings among FHCs in Ulaanbaatar are not addressed appropriately, the current system will further contribute to overall health inefficiencies, financial inequalities, and insecurities. 1e1e36bf2d